125 W. Wisconsin Ave. • Suite 102 • Pewaukee, WI 53072 • 262.737.4004

How Normal Are Bleeding Gums?

Bleeding gums are one of the most commonly searched dental problems around the internet. So, are bleeding gums normal? Swollen, red or bleeding gums are actually one of the first signs of gum disease according to the Mayo Clinic. Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease actually occurs in stages with the first being referred to as gingivitis.

The good news is that with professional treatment and an effective and consistent home care routine, gingivitis is completely reversible said Dr. Bryan Schwartz, DDS, of Whole Health Family Dentistry in Pewaukee, Wisconsin.


"If gingivitis is left untreated, damage eventually becomes permanent as the gum disease progresses into the next stage known as periodontitis," he said. "It can become so serious that teeth may eventually fall out or have to be removed."

The CDC approximates that over half of American adults are suffering from some form of gum disease, also known as periodontal disease. When the research focuses on adults over 65 the numbers jump to over 70 percent. The most common cause of gingivitis is a build-up of plaque that is not removed and over time, begins to irritate the gums, according to Schwartz.

"Other risk factors for gum disease include hormonal changes, diseases that affect the immune system, diabetes, medications, smoking and genetics," said Schwartz. "The earlier we spot a problem, the more likely it is the damage can be reversed. That’s why coming in twice a year for a professional cleaning and exam is so important."

Once gum disease progresses past gingivitis and into periodontitis, it becomes imperative to seek treatment as soon as possible. The Mayo Clinic says that research exists to support a possible link between gum disease and other health issues like heart disease, stroke and respiratory diseases.1 This may be due to the potential for bacteria to travel through the bloodstream from the mouth to other areas of your body.

The first step to treating gum disease, once it has progressed into periodontitis, is usually with scaling and root planing. This involves removing the plaque and tartar from the teeth and using a tool to smooth out the surface of the root under the gum line.

Schwartz uses two unique techniques at his practice to complete treatment for periodontal disease. The first is laser therapy. This technique uses the precision of lasers to remove infected gum tissue so that the gum and root can begin to heal quickly and effectively. The second is ozone therapy which uses a blast of ozone to eliminate and neutralize bacteria.

"By combining these three methods of eliminating the disease and bacteria to heal the tissue, the natural healing process can then take over to finish the job," said Schwartz.


Sources: 

1 "Gingivitis." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 03 Feb. 2017. Web. 10 May 2017.

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Tuesday, 20 February 2018

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